We’re excited to dig deeper into the Constitution, but if you didn’t see our first post on the Preamble, feel free to read it here, and then come read this post about Article 1, Section 1.
The three branches of government are the Legislative, Judiciary, and Executive branches, and our Constitution first outlines the rules given to the Legislative branch, or Congress.
Article 1, Section 1 reads:
“All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives.”
To simplify and help us understand how this works:
- Congress, as the Constitution says, consists of a Senate and House of Representatives. More about their rules for the House and Senate will be discussed in Section 2.
- Legislative powers is the right of those elected to the House or Senate to make new federal laws and alter or repeal existing federal laws.
- Herein granted means that the author of the Constitution will, in the following Sections, lay out everything that the legislative branch is responsible for (and we will cover all of this as we work through each of them).
- Vested in a Congress is simply saying that we the people give them this legislative power, and they are the only branch that is to have these legislative powers.
- Now, you might expect that the Executive branch would have the most power, but under our Constitution, the Legislative branch (Congress) has the most “power,” in order to keep that power in the hands of the people, instead of an Executive official (the President, in our case).
This power, being given to Congress by the people, therefore coming from the people, has allowed America to be the freest, greatest nation the world has ever known.
I hope you enjoy learning more about the Constitution!