Constitution Test Explanations

For further learning, here is an explanation of the answers to the Constitution test.  We hope you enjoy them and that they inspire you to study our Constitution more!

1. Article IV, Section 4 of the Constitution states that “The United States shall guarantee to every State in the Union a Republican form of Government…”.  This is not to be confused with the Republican party, which is named after our type of government.  A republican form of government is based on the rule of law.  Our republic is a representative democracy, where the people elect representatives who cast votes on legislation to be enacted.  By contrast, a pure democracy is one in which the people vote directly on all legislation.

2.Article I, Section 4 of the Constitution states that “The Congress shall assemble at least once in every Year…”

3. The 10th amendment to the Constitution states that “The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people.”

4. Article I, Section 8 of the Constitution describes the powers of Congress in detail so that the power of the various states is not diluted.  Article I, Section 8 does not allow the federal government to create a Social Security system.  The Constitution could never have been ratified if the federal government had retained the power to collect and disperse vast amounts of money.

5. Article I, Section 2 of the Constitution states that “…direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several States…”, Article I, Section 8 states that “The Congress shall have the Power to lay and collect Taxes, Duties, Imposts and Excises…but all Duties, Imposts and Excises shall be uniform throughout the United States…”, and Article I, Section 9 states that “No Capitation, [a head tax, or poll tax] or other direct, Tax shall be laid, unless in Proportion to the Census or Enumeration herein before directed to be taken.”

6. The phrase “…a wall of separation between Church and State” appears in a letter by Thomas Jefferson to the Baptist Association of Danbury, CT on January 1, 1802.  It does not appear anywhere in the Constitution.  The eight words contained in that phrase were taken out of context by the Supreme Court in 1947 when it struck down school prayer in the case of Everson v. Board of Education.  The Supreme Court, which cited zero precedents for its ruling, stated that “The First Amendment has erected a wall between church and state.  That wall must be kept high and impregnable. We could not approve the slightest breach.”  Thomas Jefferson’s letter says “Believing with you that religion is a matter which lies solely between man and his God; that he owes account to none other for his faith or his worship; that the legislative powers of government reach actions only and not opinions, I contemplate with sovereign reverence that act of the whole American people which declared that their legislature should ‘make no law respecting [regarding] an establishment of religion or prohibiting the free exercise thereof,’ thus building a wall of separation between Church and State.”

7. The 2nd Amendment to the Constitution states that “A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.”

8. The 4th Amendment to the Constitution states that “The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.”

9. The 15th Amendment to the Constitution, ratified in 1870, states that “The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.”  The 19th amendment, ratified in 1920, states that “The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex.”

10. Article I, Section 8 of the Constitution states that “The Congress shall have Power…To provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining the Militia, and for governing such Part of them as may be employed in the Service of the United States…”.